React JS vs React Native: Everything that You Wanted to Know
Generally, there is confusion about how React.js and React Native differ from each other, especially among novice developers.
Even they come up with parents React.js and React Native and common technology backbone. But that doesn’t mean that there are no differences. However, to understand them, anyone first needs to have the basic knowledge about both the framework.
In this blog, you will get a clear idea about how ReactJS and React Native differ from each other.
What is React?
Before developing ReactJS, Facebook was confronted with a major user experience task – building a dynamic UI with high performance. They have aimed to create an app that can simultaneously update news feed along with chats.
Advantage of ReactJS
* Easy to Learn and Use
* Creating Dynamic Web Applications Becomes Easier
To create a dynamic web application specifically with HTML was tricky, which requires complex coding, but React JS solved that issue and makes it easier. It provides less coding and gives more functionality.
* Reusable Components
A ReactJS web application is made up of multiple components, and each component has its logic and controls. These components can be reused wherever you need them. The reusable code helps to make your apps easier to develop and maintain.
* Performance Enrichment
The presence of virtual DOM makes it high performing library. It is due do whenever you write a react component it will be not directly written in DOM it will write into virtual DOM, leading to smoother and faster performance.
* The Support of Handy Tools
ReactJS supports a handy set of tools that make the task of the developers understandable and easier. In this, you can select, examine, and edit their current Props and State.
* Known to be SEO Friendly
* Scope for Testing the Codes
ReactJS applications are easy to test. It offers a scope where the developer can test and debug their codes with the help of native to
Disadvantage of ReactJS
* The high pace of development
As we know, the frameworks continually change so fast. The developers are not feeling comfortable to re-learn the new ways of doing things regularly. It may be hard for them to adopt all these changes with all the continuous updates.
* Poor Documentation
React technologies updating and accelerating so fast that there is no time to make proper documentation. To overcome this, developers write instructions on their own with the evolving of new releases and tools in their current projects.
* View Part
ReactJS covers only the UI Layers of the app and nothing else. So, you still need to choose some other technologies to get a complete tooling set for development in the project.
ReactJS Application examples
Subscriptions for food, products or clothes have become very popular over the last few years. With this open-source product you can create your own subscription service, and it's FULL-STACK. It gets a frontend created with React and a Node.js and GraphQL backend.
This is a great example for starting your own company and is looking for good material to learn how to modularize your code or integrate front- and backend, then definitely have a look at this repository.
They even use StoryBook so you can inspect all the components that are used in this project.
Do you ever listen to music on Apple Music, Spotify or Google? This project is a clone of the first one, and even comes with a backend that you can use. Want to build your backend?
You can use the frontend React is used together with Redux and Redux Thunk, providing you with an extensive example to get started with Redux for state management.
In React Native the mobile-related components are brought up in the packages of React. Components like Navigator, Text, TextInput, View, ScrollView, etc., as well as native iOS/Android UI components.
Advantages of React Native
There are several advantages of React Native for building mobile applications. Some of them are given below:
* Cross-Platform Usage: It provides the facility of "Learn once write everywhere." It works for both platform Android as well as iOS devices.
* Class Performance: The code written in React Native are compiled into native code, which enables it for both operating systems as well as it functions in the same way on both the platforms.
* Community: The large community of ReactJS and React Native helps us to find any answer we require.
* Hot Reloading: Making a few changes in the code of your app will be immediately visible during development. If the business logic is changed, its reflection is live reloaded on screen.
* Improving with Time: Some features of iOS and Android are still not supported, and the community is always inventing the best practices.
* Native Components: We will need to write some platform-specific code if we want to create native functionality, which is not designed yet.
* Existence is Uncertain: As Facebook develop this framework, its presence is uncertain since it keeps all the rights to kill off the project anytime. As the popularity of React Native rises, it is unlikely to happen.
The disadvantage of React Native
* React Native is Still New and Immature: React Native is a newbie in Android and iOS programming languages and is still in its improvement stage, which can harm the apps.
* Learning is Tough: React Native is not easy to learn, especially for a fresher in the app development field.
* It Takes More Time to Initialize: React Native takes a lot of time for initializing the runtime even for the hi-tech gadgets and devices.
Example App developed using React Native Framework
As a hackathon project, Facebook’s developed React Native for company needs.
To bring all the benefits of web development like fast iterations and having a single team for mobile development. For this reason, Facebook build React Native and leveraged in mobile app development for both iOS and Android apps.
They created the test app and monitored the performance in iOS.
It is a significant part of the user’s first impression of the app and determines whether they will stay or leave. What they achieved was cutting time-to-market in half.
Walmart aspiring to become the world’s largest online retailer. With such big goals, the company needs to make bold moves that involve a higher risk to gain a competitive advantage. That’s why they always seek ways to improve customer experience by trying new technologies. Walmart has already proved its innovative attitude introducing Node.js into its stack.
After the release of the React Native, they have moved their mobile app into this technology.
Walmart managed to improve the performance of the app on both iOS and Android by using fewer resources and within a shorter time span.
95% of the codebase was shared between platforms while the skills and experience of developers were leveraged across the organization.
For features like great performance, nearly identical to native apps, and extremely smooth animations React Native is used by Walmart.
ReactJS Vs React Native
Starting and Setuping
You need to choose a bundler like Webpack for starting a new project in ReactJS. React-Native doesn't any operation like that.
Setup the both is easy and you can immediately run an application.
DOM (Document Object Model)
In ReactJS, the DOM manages the data inputs and outputs much faster than others.
This is because it will partially refresh certain parts of the page, so it reduces the re-building time.
It improves the performance and speed of the application. Moreover, the possibility of reusable code in React JS further saves you a lot of time.
In React-Native you can't use HTML to render the app. But some other alternative components help in render the app. Some components that are used by React Native are real native iOS or Android that gets rendered on the app. And you are not able to reuse the
Libraries, unlike ReactJS Because your code doesn’t get rendered in an HTML page.
Animations and Gestures
In React Native you will a new way of animations.
It provides Animated API for animate a component. In this, you can create any type of animation and can be used with different types of Easing. In this, you will get a far better kind of animation the web pages.
With this, you can get gesture state information like all the touches and their locations as well as accumulated distance, velocity and touch origin
Web pages built in ReactJS use React-router for navigation while React Native has an entirely different library- Navigator for this purpose.
It provides the Navigator component. It is a little difficult to React Native for navigation large scenes.
You can write a single piece of code and it runs everywhere in ReactJS.
But in React Native you need a platform-specific code.
With ReactJs you can easily reach any kind of platform.
The React community is growing constantly and is getting bigger in the coming days. React is a great library for making websites, mobile apps and virtual reality experiences.
React.js and React Native are used for a different purpose. You can build complex UI on your webpage as quickly as you would do with ReactJS and React Native usually works pretty well for both iOS and Android.
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